The Delaware Personal Data Privacy Law (DPDPA) was signed by Governor John Carney on September 11, 2023.
It will correspondingly come into force on 1st January 2025, and will be preceded by a public outreach effort from July 2024.
Read the full text of the bill on the Delaware State Government’s website.
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Delaware’s incoming DPDPA law applies to any business that operates in the state, or equally processes the personal data of more than 35,000 Delaware consumers. And for businesses that make more than 20% of their gross annual income from the sale of personal data, this threshold drops down to 10,000 Delaware consumers.
However, businesses have ample time to prepare. The law does not take effect until January 1st, 2025, and the Department of Justice will also carry out a state-wide public awareness campaign in the six months preceding its enactment.
This will firstly provide Delaware’s internet users with information about their rights under the law. And secondly, it will also inform businesses about their new legal obligations.
The department also plans to hire more staff to better educate the public about their rights. It additionally needs this extra manpower to effectively enforce the law and hold businesses accountable once the law comes into force.
By passing DPDPA, Delaware is the 11th state in the union to roll out personal data protection legislation after California. Other states with similar laws are Virginia, Colorado, Utah, Connecticut, Iowa, Indiana, Tennessee, Montana, Texas, and also Oregon.
The DPDPA was largely modeled on laws in Connecticut and also Virginia. However it is stricter than these or other US state laws, and also applies to a wider range of businesses.
By comparison, Delaware’s 35,000 consumer threshold is far lower than the 100,000 found in Colorado, Iowa, Indiana, and Oregon.
And for businesses selling personal data, the 10,000 threshold and 20% income share is far lower than, for instance, the 25,000/25% in Montana and 25,000/50% in Indiana.
That said, critics of the Delaware Personal Data Privacy law argue that Delaware will find it difficult to enforce the law.
This is because, unlike other state laws in the US, Delaware’s residents are unable to open a civil action against businesses for individual complaints. Instead, the Department of Justice will issue violation notifications to businesses, who then have 60 days to meet requirements.
The objective of the Delaware Personal Data Privacy law is to give Delaware’s consumers more control over the personal information that companies collect on them.
“Delawareans haven’t had the right to even access who has their information, how much information they have on you individually, and also, if there is something wrong with that information, to correct it. But most importantly, to even delete the information.”
- Bill sponsor State Representative Krista Griffith
Businesses that fall under the scope of the DPDPA should start taking the necessary steps to meet these legal requirements. This may also include:
The DPDPA is another example of the global trend towards the protection of internet user personal data protection that started with GDPR in 2018. It also continues the philosophical shift that the US is undergoing with regard to data privacy, as it moves from a harm-prevention-based approach to one based on user rights as per GDPR (with real implications for digital marketers).
Put another way, it continues the standardization of strict data privacy standards around the EU model. And like Europe, Delaware’s data enforcement authority will also need time before it can effectively enforce data malpractice.
But given the ever-tightening regulatory framework protecting data privacy, businesses looking to meet their legal obligations should moreover move away from personal data collection as much as possible.
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